Download E-books Animals: From Mythology to Zoology (Discovering the Earth) PDF

By Michael Allaby

The hot seven-volume gaining knowledge of the Earth set examines the efforts made by way of scientists within the fields of setting, environmental safeguard, and environmental technological know-how. overlaying a wide diversity of topics--including the Earth sciences, surroundings, oceans, ecology, animals, crops, and exploration--the books during this entire set offer a landscape of short money owed of specific discoveries and the folk who made them. those tales clarify the issues that have been solved, the methods they have been approached, and, from time to time, the lifeless ends that scientists occasionally reached. perfect for top college and faculty scholars and especially precious to scholars of environmental reviews, ecology, biology, geography, geology, and the arts, the books within the gaining knowledge of the Earth set make clear the way in which the clinical element of Western tradition has constructed. Written in transparent language and requiring no mathematical wisdom, those useful books characteristic sidebars the place essential to clarify a specific inspiration in addition to full-color images, tables, charts, and additional assets.

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M) tall. the large wagon, drawn via  males, was once .  ft (.  m) lengthy and .  toes (.  m) broad. different money owed of Ptolemy’s procession checklist , bulls with horns painted or lined Menageries and Zoos with gold,  Arabian sheep,  cheetahs, seven pairs of oryxes, , horses, one undergo, one giraffe, cages of parrots and peacocks, and  males sporting timber with birds perched in them. ROMAN PETS, MENAGERIES, AND CIRCUSES Ptolemy’s parade of animals could appear severe, however it used to be modest in comparison with the Roman parades and entertainments that used animals imported from all elements of the empire, specifically from Africa. Elephants have been well known, they usually performed a huge half in Julius Caesar’s (– . . . ) triumph—victory parade—in  . . . From  . . . till  . . . , Roman armies have been combating a civil battle that begun on January –, , whilst Julius Caesar, then a basic, invaded Italy by way of best his troops around the River Rubicon, which marked the border with Gaul. the final top the opposing military used to be Pompey the good (– . . . ), widely known because the maximum of all Roman generals until eventually his defeat by way of Caesar in  . . . Pompey was once assassinated later that very same yr. The successful Julius Caesar celebrated his victory with a triumph in the course of the streets of Rome and up the stairs of the Capitol. It integrated  tame elephants, every one sporting a blazing torch in its trunk, and the elephants climbed the stairs in addition to the warriors and their basic. Elephants symbolized Roman imperial energy, and the torches have been to polish brightly at the general’s victories. Elephants have been extensively utilized in struggle, such a lot famously via the Carthaginian normal Hannibal (– or  . . . ). In  . . . Hannibal led his military around the Alps in an assault on Rome. His strength integrated  elephants, yet few of them survived the crossing. Carthaginian cash of the time depict the elephants, displaying they have been African elephants (Loxodonta africana), even though a few historians imagine they could were Indian elephants (Elephas maximus), a few of which were imported into North Africa. usually, even though, the Romans used elephants for leisure. They have been wearing ludicrous costumes, informed to stroll tightropes, throw guns, practice bulky dances, and have been even made to sit down at a dinner desk beside people. Bears have been additionally wearing costumes and made to accomplish. Animal performances happened both on the street or in arenas akin to the Circus Maximus, that can seat an viewers of ,. The Circus Maximus, the unique circus, forty three 44 ANIMALS is the place chariot races have been held—it nonetheless exists and is a vital vacationer allure in Rome. The Circus Maximus was once additionally the venue for staged hunts, during which wild animals have been pursued and killed with spears and knives, and for fights to the loss of life among animals. Elephants occasionally fought bulls or different elephants, and there have been fights related to lions, bears, rhinoceroses, and different beasts. Circuses—events held within the Circus Maximus—were later transferred to the Colosseum, which opened in  .

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