Download E-books Elephant Destiny: Biography Of An Endangered Species In Africa PDF
By Martin Meredith
what's going to develop into of those impressive beasts? because the elephant's destiny looms ever darker, Martin Meredith's concise and richly illustrated biography strains the elephant's heritage from the 1st ivory expeditions of the Egyptian pharaohs 2500 years in the past to this day, exploring alongside the way in which the indelible imprint the African elephant has made in artwork, literature, tradition, and society. He stocks fresh notable discoveries in regards to the elephant's refined kin and neighborhood constitution and divulges the impressive ways that elephants express compassion and loyalty to every other.
dependent, illuminating, and pressing, Elephant Destiny bargains a gorgeous and critical tribute to at least one of earth's such a lot magisterial creatures on the very second it threatens to fade from being.
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Extra resources for Elephant Destiny: Biography Of An Endangered Species In Africa
And the elephants bending their trunk inward and folding it underneath their tusks, just like the ram of a boat using in addition to a very good surge, fall upon the boys in an important cost, overturning many and bellowing with a piercing shrill be aware like a trumpet. ’ Like past writers, Aelian believed that elephants have been loved by means of the gods. In Mauretania, he wrote, outdated elephants have been acknowledged to withdraw to a sanctuary deep in a wooded area on the foot of the Atlas Mountains safe through the gods, a spot that no hunters dared procedure. whilst a king despatched three hundred picked males to procure the heavy tusks of previous elephants, he acknowledged, all yet one was once struck down by way of pestilence. Aelian additionally recorded how, while death of wounds, elephants might throw up dirt to heaven, protesting to the gods in regards to the injustice in their destiny. yet guy used to be now not their purely enemy. a standard tale within the classical global involved the fight among elephants and serpents. In Ethiopia, acknowledged Aelian, a few snakes have been often called ‘elephant-killers’ and reached one hundred eighty ft. Pliny claimed that snakes drank the blood of elephants, draining them dry. The poet Lucan, who had a fascination for African snakes, believed that they can overwhelm elephants. A mosaic in Carthage depicts an elephant within the grip of a python. What lay at the back of such stories used to be the age-old obsession among sturdy and evil. It used to be the elephant that symbolised mild and lifestyles and victory over darkness and dying. This topic was once picked up through medieval Europe the place elephants had by no means been obvious. 6 The Elephants’ Graveyarda at the maps of Africa drawn up via early geographers, the lands past the Nile and Ethiopia have been marked easily: Terra incognita. whilst the Greek historian Herodotus visited Egypt in approximately 430 bc, vacationing up the Nile so far as the 1st cataract at Elephantine (Aswan), he may perhaps locate not anyone who knew something in regards to the river’s resource. A scribe on the sacred treasury of Athene within the urban of Sais urged that the Nile arose from ‘fountains’ someplace within the African inside, yet may perhaps inform him not anything extra. the one glimpse of this substantial hinterland for hundreds of years got here from a Greek service provider named Diogenes. He claimed that as he was once returning domestic from a trip to India in the course of the 1st century advert he had landed at the African mainland at a spot known as Rhapta—somewhere at the current Tanzanian coast—and then travelled for twenty-five days inland. He arrived, he acknowledged, ‘in the neighborhood of 2 nice lakes, and the snowy diversity of mountains whence the Nile attracts its dual sources’. A century later, the Alexandrian geographer Claudius Ptolemy integrated this data into his map of the area, and named the resource of the Nile as Lunae Montes, the Mountains of the Moon. For 1,700 years Ptolemy’s map remained the one advisor to the secret of the Nile’s resources. no longer even more was once recognized on the time concerning the japanese beach of Africa. In approximately 60 advert a Greek service provider in Alexandria released a mariner’s advisor to the northern areas of the Indian Ocean. It was once entitled Periplus Maris Erythraei—a circumnavigation of the Eritrean or crimson Sea— yet its scope encompassed not just the trendy crimson Sea, but additionally the Gulf of Aden, the Arabian Ocean and the Indian Ocean, from the western seashores of India to the east coast of Africa.