Download E-books French Cultural Politics and Music: From the Dreyfus Affair to the First World War PDF

By Jane F. Fulcher

This e-book attracts upon either musicology and cultural historical past to argue that French musical meanings and values from 1898 to 1914 are most sensible defined now not by way of modern inventive routine yet of the political culture.

During those years, France used to be present process many refined but profound political alterations. Nationalist leagues cast new modes of political job, as Jane F. Fulcher info during this vital examine, and hence the complete enjoying box of political motion used to be enlarged. Investigating this transitional interval in gentle of a number of contemporary insights within the parts of French heritage, sociology, political anthropology, and literary concept, Fulcher indicates how the recent departures in cultural politics affected not just literature and the visible arts but additionally song. Having misplaced the conflict of the Dreyfus affair (legally, at least), the nationalists set their points of interest at the paintings international, for they thought of France's inventive achievements the precise skill for furthering their perception of "French identity." French Cultural Politics and tune: From the Dreyfus Affair to the 1st international War illustrates the ways that the nationalists successfully certain the track international for this goal, using critics, academic associations, live performance sequence, and lectures to disseminate their values in terms of private and non-private discourses on French track. Fulcher then demonstrates how either the Republic and much Left answered to this problem, utilizing courses and associations in their personal to release counterdiscourses on modern musical values.

Perhaps most significantly, this booklet absolutely explores the common impact of this politicized musical tradition on such composers as d'Indy, Charpentier, Magnard, Debussy, and Satie. through viewing this fertile cultural milieu of clashing sociopolitical convictions opposed to the wider historical past of aesthetic contention and competition, this paintings addresses the altering notions of "tradition" in music--and of modernism itself. As Fulcher issues out, it used to be the traditionalist faction, no longer the Impressionist one, that at last triumphed within the French musical realm, as witnessed via their "defeat" of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring.

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Historians of France have lengthy confirmed the ideological roots of the Dreyfus Affair, or the long-lasting conflicts it articulated and that helped to imbue it with the facility of fable. Extending again to the French Revolution, they lay particularly in what Timothy Tackett has stated aptly because the "tragic flaw on the center of the 1st progressive cost" (p. 313). even supposing Enlightenment beliefs had tri3 4 advent umphed, they weren't based on whole consensus, specially bearing on versions of presidency or the relation among Church and kingdom: the counterrevolution implacably saved either one of those delicate matters alive—conflicts henceforth embedded in postrevolutionary France, able to explode within the correct political compound. This happened once more within the past due 19th century, while the Boulanger and the Panama scandals helped incite antiparliamentary and antiSemitic sentiments, formulating the chemistry that the affair might ignite. Myriad histories have narrated the occasions that constituted the Dreyfus Affair and proven their function in aiding to remodel modern political tradition in France. Succinctly, in 1894 a Jewish captain within the military, Alfred Dreyfus, was once summarily convicted in a court-martial of promoting French army secrets and techniques to the Germans. Public opinion was once at the beginning solidly in aid of the army's conclusions, yet in 1896 the manager of intelligence, Colonel Picquart, chanced on exculpatory proof: it implicated now not Alfred Dreyfus yet really a big Esterhazy, who used to be for that reason attempted yet eventually acquitted by means of French military specialists. At this aspect, Dreyfus's brother, Mathieu, contacted Emile Zola, the admired novelist, whose curiosity in Republican politics was once, via now, widely recognized; Zola, perceiving a miscarriage of justice replete with some distance better implications, decided, with the temerity of a popular public determine, to deliver the scandalous "affair" to gentle. In 1898, with wise effrontery, he released an open letter to the president of the Republic, which includes a litany of fees, all starting with the phrases "J'accuse" (I accuse). It ended in an indictment for libel. Zola's next publicized trial and conviction, whereas compelling him to escape for England, extended the sector of the "Dreyfus Affair. " Now within the public sphere, it seized the eye and spurred the engagement of not just significant political yet highbrow and literary figures on either side of the query. They, like Zola, recast the problems as a referendum on those who had bifurcated France because the Revolution, and especially because the delivery of the 3rd Republic in 1870: Did "tradition" and the rights of the country take priority over these of the person citizen? Did these of the military outweigh civil authority, no matter if the previous have been present in blunders? conceptions of France baldly faced one another once again, as that they had in 1789 and feature periodically ever given that. One maintained the incontrovertible authority of the military, the Church, and the kingdom, whereas the opposite implacably asserted the judicial and egalitarian beliefs of the French Revolution.

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