Download E-books How Music Got Free: The End of an Industry, the Turn of the Century, and the Patient Zero of Piracy PDF

By Stephen Witt

Finalist for the 2016 Los Angeles Times e-book Prize, the 2016 J. Anthony Lukas booklet Prize, and the 2015 Financial Times and McKinsey company e-book of the Year

New York Times Editors’ Choice

ONE OF THE YEAR'S top BOOKS: The Washington submit • The Financial Times • Slate • The Atlantic • Time • Forbes

“[How track received Free] has the transparent writing and brisk reportorial acumen of a Michael Lewis book.”—Dwight Garner, The ny Times

What occurs whilst a complete new release commits an analogous crime?

How song bought Free is a riveting tale of obsession, tune, crime, and cash, that includes visionaries and criminals, moguls and tech-savvy young ones. It’s in regards to the maximum pirate in background, the main strong govt within the song company, a innovative invention and an unlawful web site 4 occasions the scale of the iTunes track Store. 

Journalist Stephen Witt lines the key historical past of electronic song piracy, from the German audio engineers who invented the mp3, to a North Carolina compact-disc production plant the place manufacturing unit employee Dell Glover leaked approximately thousand albums over the process a decade, to the high-rises of midtown big apple the place tune govt Doug Morris cornered the worldwide marketplace on rap, and, ultimately, into the darkest recesses of the Internet.

Through those interwoven narratives, Witt has written an exciting ebook that depicts the instant in historical past whilst traditional lifestyles grew to become endlessly entwined with the realm online—when, without notice, the entire tune ever recorded was once on hand at no cost. within the page-turning culture of writers like Michael Lewis and Lawrence Wright, Witt’s deeply pronounced first ebook introduces the unforgettable characters—inventors, executives, manufacturing facility employees, and smugglers—who revolutionized a complete artform, and divulges for the 1st time the key underworld of media pirates that reworked our electronic lives.

An impossible to resist never-before-told tale of greed, crafty, genius, and deceit, How song received Free isn’t only a tale of the track industry—it’s a must-read heritage of the net itself.

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The pattern used to be a small snippet of on-ice motion, via a number of seconds of detached applause. Grill had listened to it enormous quantities of instances, setting apart the encoding mistakes and dealing with Brandenburg to enforce fixes. The NHL was once the best buyer: the mp3 were particularly calibrated to the sound of the sport. however the league had sure technical necessities, and those took months to satisfy. by the point the devices ultimately shipped in overdue 1994, the hockey gamers had long past on strike. That year’s shortened season didn’t formally commence until eventually January 20, 1995—the professional commence date of the mp3 revolution in North the USA. The quickest online game on ice was once now not greatly understood to be a pioneer in electronic acoustics, yet because the first puck dropped on middle ice that 12 months, lovers of the Blackhawks and the pink Wings have been an unwitting viewers at the leading edge. It wasn’t till after the 1995 selection in Erlangen that source of revenue from the revenues ultimately all started making its approach to Fraunhofer, arriving simply in time to save lots of the mp3 staff. The Zephyr racks allowed radio broadcasters to save lots of hundreds of thousands of bucks an hour on satellite tv for pc transmission expenditures, and have been put in in each seasoned ice area in North the US. Telos’ sales quadrupled, and Steve Church turned a zealous suggest for the know-how. quickly he used to be in talks with each significant North American activities league. yet Fraunhofer got just a small lower. The licensing contract they’d negotiated with Church charged on a per-unit foundation, and there have been just a couple of hundred stadiums to promote to. The mp3 used to be alive, yet on lifestyles aid; to earn great earnings, the expertise would wish many extra licensees. For Brandenburg, that intended a endured push for the house buyer. past within the yr, he had directed Grill to jot down a laptop software that can encode and play again mp3 records. complete inside of a couple of months, Grill dubbed it the “Level three encoder,” or “L3Enc” for brief. this system healthy on a unmarried three. 5-inch floppy disk. L3Enc represented a brand new paradigm of distribution, one within which shoppers may create their very own mp3 records, then play them from their domestic desktops. For the house audio fanatic, the needful know-how used to be simply arriving. brought in past due 1993, Intel’s robust new Pentium chips have been the 1st processors in a position to taking part in again an mp3 with out stalling. Plus, the recent iteration of difficult drives used to be huge, immense: with garage potential of approximately a gigabyte, they can shop nearly 2 hundred songs. the most important quandary used to be nonetheless the encoding technique. because of MPEG’s compelled inclusion of the bulky MUSICAM filter out financial institution, even a among the best Pentium processor may take approximately six hours to tear an album from a compact disc. nobody at Fraunhofer particularly knew what to do with L3Enc. It was once a outstanding piece of software program, the fruits of a decade of study, able to taking 12 compact discs and shrinking them to the dimensions of 1, unencumbered by means of any electronic rights administration. nevertheless, the rate obstacles of encoding made it bulky.

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