Download E-books The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'an (Cambridge Companions to Religion) PDF

By Jane Dammen McAuliffe

Because the dwelling scriptural history of greater than 1000000000 humans, the Qur'an (Koran) speaks with a robust voice. simply as different scriptural religions, Islam has produced an extended culture of interpretation for its holy booklet. however, efforts to introduce the Qur'an and its highbrow background to English-speaking audiences were hampered by means of the shortcoming of accessible assets. The Cambridge better half to the Qur'an seeks to therapy that scenario. In a discerning summation of the sector, Jane McAuliffe brings jointly a global workforce of students to provide an explanation for its complexities. Comprising fourteen chapters, every one dedicated to a subject of significant significance, the ebook is wealthy in ancient, linguistic and literary aspect, whereas additionally reflecting the impact of alternative disciplines. For either the college pupil and the final reader, The Cambridge spouse to the Qur'an presents a desirable entrée to a textual content that has formed the lives of hundreds of thousands for hundreds of years.

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400–28. Cambridge Collections on-line © Cambridge college Press, 2007 Fig. three Folio from an eighth-century Qur ì ¯an manuscript, to which the s ¯ura titles have been further later in a intentionally varied calligraphic variety. Depicted here's the top of Q 10 (S ¯urat Y ¯unus, ‘Jonah’) and the start of Q eleven (S ¯urat H ¯ud) (BL MS Or. 2165, fol. 19a). Courtesy of the British Library, London Cambridge Collections on-line © Cambridge collage Press, 2007 three substitute debts of the Qurì ¯an’s formation h a r a l d m o t z okay i Friedrich Schwally’s revision of Theodor Nöldeke’s Geschichte des Qor¯ans, elements one and , released in 1909 and 1919 respectively, offered the present prestige of Western scholarship at the Qur ì ¯an’s formation on the commence- ning of the 20 th century. W. Montgomery Watt’s revised version of Richard Bell’s creation to the Qurì ¯an, released in 1970, supplied a brand new stock-taking of the then greatly approved knowledge at the subject. A comparability of the 2 works, despite the fact that, unearths little improvement within the intervening part century so far as their major themes are involved. but this interlude of relative scholarly calm contrasts sharply with the turbulent a long time that undefined. From the Seventies onwards numerous assertions concerning the starting place and formation of the Qurì ¯an were the article of unique revision and the result of those experiences normally have challenged the accredited knowledge. The 12 months 1970 can hence be thought of a watershed within the scholarly historical past of this study, and Watt’s ebook can function an appropriate element of reference for a caricature of the newer advancements. within the following, a few of these substitute debts may be brought taking the first factor which each and every of them tackles as a starting-point. The portrayal of every account specializes in its premises, tools and effects. a u t h o r s h i p , f o r m a t i o n a n d c a n o n i s a t i o n in line with the existing consensus, the Qurì ¯an originated within the first 3rd of the 7th century CE within the cities of Mecca and Medina. Its writer (in Muslim eyes, its transmitter) was once Muh. ammad who ‘published’ his revelations in segments which he later rearranged and edited, in huge degree himself. but he didn't go away a whole and definitive recension. The canonical textual content resembling it's been identified for hundreds of years used to be now not completed till two decades after the Prophet’s dying. The qur ì ¯anic fabric which have been preserved in written and oral varieties was once then rigorously gathered on the behest of the 3rd caliph, ëUthm¯an, who released it because the merely fifty nine Cambridge Collections on-line © Cambridge collage Press, 2007 60 Harald Motzki formally accepted model of the Qur ì ¯an. The stylistic uniformity of the complete proves its genuineness. This ancient account relies on proof present in the Qurì ¯an itself as interpreted within the mild of the Muslim culture, i. e. , the biography ( s¯ıra) of the Prophet and traditions at the number of the Qur ì ¯an after his dying.

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